Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Young children emotional trauma

Emotional trauma from unstable family, insecurity, sibling jealousy and rivalry, loss of parent(s), inadequate schooling, etc, all have negative effect on growth and development.

Young children who have suffered trauma do not have the language and are not developmentally and cognitively ready to put their experiences and feelings into worlds.

According to study (Tanner 1978), emotional traumas interfere with the production of growth hormone by the pituitary gland and that the secretion of growth hormone resumes when these infants or young children begin to receive affectionate care.

Impaired growth of the fetus, newborn infant and toddler has two major consequences in children who mange to survive:
*Stunting – chronic nutritional deprivation rather than causing wasting ends up in short stature as a compromise.
*Adult life-style diseases – according to Barker’s hypothesis, origin of obesity, type-2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, coronary heart disease, etc dates back to fetal life.

Research has shown that, the emotional trauma in the vulnerable infant brain causes an elevation of stress hormones such as cortisol, which wash over the tender brain like acid, with the result that regions in the cortex and limbic system responsible for attachment are up to 20% smaller and have freer synapse.

This may led to great interference in the cognitive and emotional development of the brain and in the capacity of the infant for using intelligence creatively, and it may also lead to repetition of the trauma later in life.
Young children emotional trauma

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