Thursday, January 14, 2016

Social intelligence

The concept of social intelligence has among history among intelligence researchers.E.L Thorndike in 1920 originally distinguish social intelligence from other forms of intelligence and defined it as ‘the ability to understand men and women , boys and girls - to act wisely in human relations.

In essence, Thorndike defined social intelligence as the ability to perceive one’s own and other’s internal states, motives and behaviours and to act toward them optimally on the basis of that information.

Gardner in 1983 proposed that social intelligence should be further divided into subcomponents: interpersonal and interpersonal intelligence. He defined interpersonal intelligence as the ability to understand other people and know what they are felling. Intrapersonal was defined as involving access to noels own feelings.

Social intelligence according to Gardner is separate from, but complimentary to emotional intelligence. In support of the idea of a disticnt kind of intelligence designed for social purposes (i.e social intelligence).

Gardner points to people with brain mage that impairs their ability recognise the internal states of others but does not necessarily impair their performance on non-social cognitive tasks.

Goleman divided social intelligence into social awakens (including empathy attunement, emphatic accuracy, and social cognition), which refers to feelings about other people, and social facility (induing synchrony, self-presentation, influence and concern), which is handling consciousness.
Social intelligence
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