Friday, December 06, 2019

Concept of fear

Fear is the great force that prompts to acts of self-preservation and operates as effectively in the brute as in the human animal.

In the psychological sciences, fear is defined as, “a reaction toan external stimulus...and appears to be associated with autonomic hyper-arousal when the individual is exposed to the stimulus...a common adaptive response to an immediate, threatening situation”.

Fear is predicted to have a less negative effect than anger on ethical decisions given the effects of fear appraisal tendencies on information-processing and social motives. However, fear often triggers physiological responses and action tendencies related to escape or flight from the emotion-eliciting situation.

When escape or flight is blocked, fear can turn into anxiety or “undirected arousal following the perception of threat”.

Courage, the opposite of fear, readily divides itself into the moral and the physical. One may be a moral coward yet physically brave; and obverse the physically brave may in certain circumstances prove a moral coward.

Theorists from Freud, to Spielberger (1975), to Barlow (2000, 2002), have suggested individual differences make some people more likely to experience fear or anxiety. The tendency to respond with fear or to experience pervasive anxiety was called neuroticism by Freud and trait anxiety by Spielberger.
Concept of fear
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