Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Component of emotional intelligence

Emotions are involved in everything people do: every action, decision and judgment. In 1990, Salovey & Mayer coined the term ―Emotional Intelligence‖ and they defined Emotional Intelligence as a subset of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one's own and others‘ feelings and emotions to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one‘s thinking and actions. Their model of emotional intelligence defines four discretemental abilities (also referred to as ‘branches’) that comprise emotional intelligence:
(i)perception of emotion,
(ii) use of emotion to facilitate thought,
(iii) understanding of emotion, and
(iv) management of emotion.

Component of emotional intelligence:
* Emotional Self-Awareness, knowing what one feels. It involves keeping track of emotions and noticing different emotional reactions, as well as being able to identify the emotions correctly. John Mayer uses the term meta-mood, the affective analogue of meta-cognition, for key aspects of Emotional Self-Awareness.
* Emotional Self-Management involves controlling one's emotions and impulses and adapting to changing circumstances. It is the ability to regulate distressing affects like anxiety and anger and to inhibit emotional impulsivity. PET (positron-emission tomography) measurements of glucose metabolism reveal that individual differences in metabolic activity in the amygdala are associated with levels of distress or dysphoria—the more activity, the greater the negative affect.
* Social Awareness, the third EI component, which encompasses the competency of Empathy, also involves the amygdala.
* Relationship Management, or Social Skill, the fourth EI component, poses a more complex picture. In a fundamental sense, the effectiveness of our relationship skills hinges on human ability to attune themselves to or influence the emotions of another person.
Component of emotional intelligence
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